Scope of Driverless Cars in India (2020-2025)

By – Charu Chawla

Abstract:-

A self-driving vehicle is fundamentally defined as one that travels by itself. An autonomous vehicle is also known as an autopilot, driverless vehicle, auto-drive vehicle, or autonomous car. Automated systems will help to prevent accidents and reduce congestion in the future. Eventually, vehicles will be able to determine the optimal route and warn each other of conditions ahead. It is true that autonomous cars are a technological marvel, but we have to ask if driverless electric vehicles can be adopted in India. India has its own hurdles to overcome before successfully implementing driverless cars.

Keywords:-

Autonomous Cars,  Less Accidents, Safe Driving, Huge Cost .

Research Objectives:-

 This research study aims to achieve the following outcomes:

  • It is important to know what driverless cars are.
  • The purpose of this study is to determine what customers think about autonomous cars.
  • Understanding the scope of driverless cars in India.

Introduction:-

Autonomous vehicles drive themselves autonomously. A vehicle of this type is called an autopilot, driverless car, auto-drive car, or autonomous vehicle. Automated systems will play a crucial role in reducing accidents and congestion in the future. Future vehicles can find the best route and warn one another about impending conditions. A driverless car is a technological miracle, but we ask whether it is feasible to introduce driverless electric vehicles in India. India has its own hurdles to overcome before successfully implementing driverless cars.

Autonomous cars: what are they and how do they work?

A fully functioning autonomous vehicle can be created by combining many components. There are cameras in them so they can detect traffic lights, read road signs, measure distances and keep track of obstacles and other vehicles. It is equipped with radar sensors that allow it to monitor the location and state of the vehicle. Lidar sensors can efficiently sense the edge of a road and lane markings. Other vehicles are detected by ultrasonic sensors in the wheels. Additionally, a centrally controlled system that analyses the data received from various sensors to control the steering, acceleration, and braking of the vehicle.

India’s self-driving car industry:

What is India’s position in the self-driving car race? There isn’t too much time left to find the answer. We are still at the beginning of the technology’s development. Comparatively, Indian roads present a bit more of a challenge than roads in western countries.

Indians are most interested in autonomous vehicle technology, as you can see from the chart. Additionally, it stands a good chance of succeeding in this market. The real question is, “Are we ready yet?”

We must first understand the requirements for autonomous cars in India. India’s roads are infamous for being clogged with traffic, leading to highly congested roads. There are more and more road accidents occurring and more and more people are dying in them. We can do wonders in these few areas with autonomous vehicles.

In light of the significant growth of the Internet of Things, it is fair to say that it will pave the way for self-driving vehicles. Ola is one of the many players in India experimenting with parts of autonomous car technology. This technology has attracted many startups that have heavily invested in it.

Some autonomous vehicle projects have been launched in India like Flux Auto, Fisheyebox, Netradyne, Swaayatt Robots, and Ati Motors. There are absolutely awesome things going on with the mentioned, so you should definitely check them out.

We are making slow but steady progress in the transition. As self-driving technology grows, both the auto and tech industries will be profoundly affected. Information technology giants like Infosys have already begun to implement this technology in Bengaluru.

Autonomous Cars and Safety

Security is also an important concern with autonomous vehicles. Autonomous vehicles can be hacked and inflicted with major damage by cyber attacks. To safeguard vehicle owners from such cyber-attacks, manufacturers of autonomous vehicles should develop strong cybersecurity measures. Driverless cars may not be widely adopted for a decade.  

There are several challenges that must be addressed before self-driving cars can be used in India. The adoption of self-driving cars in India is still a distant dream. Some of the reasons include:

A primary concern for the government of India is the loss of jobs that would be resulting from the introduction of driverless cars. Government officials contend that there are 40 lakh drivers in the country, but that there are 25 lakh drivers lacking. It is important for the government to ensure that skilled drivers are not put out of jobs as this technology may affect the jobs of about a crore people. Moreover, the government believes that the infrastructure required for a technology in this area-complete with organized driving conditions-has yet to be developed in the country.

In comparison to their western counterparts, Indian roads are not conducive to self-driving cars. There is always a lot of vehicular traffic on roads in cities like Delhi and Mumbai, no matter what time of day it is. In addition, traffic rules are not followed in India. In their disregard for traffic signals, they drive in the wrong lane. An autonomous car cannot predict this type of reckless behavior!

There is a challenge for Indian companies to justify the enormous research and development costs and viability of driverless cars, as well as the economic feasibility. To make matters worse, India ranked 24th out of 25 countries on KPMG’s 2019 Autonomous Vehicle Readiness Index.

A lot of progress is being made in the world

The Netherlands topped KPMG’s Autonomous Vehicle Readiness Index 2019 and is deploying platoons of more than 100 autonomous vehicles on major routes. The Chinese government is on track to commercialize autonomous vehicles by 2025. The US, Norway, Finland, Germany, and Sweden have already given the thumbs-up to autonomous vehicles. In addition to the Netherlands, the UK, France, and Australia are preparing to introduce laws to encourage the use of autonomous vehicles.

India must not ignore the benefits

In spite of all the challenges, India cannot turn away from adopting autonomous vehicles. In addition, they allow individuals to utilize their commute time more productively instead of wasting it on driving. As a result, they can minimize human errors, which are the main cause of road accidents, and help save lives. People with physical disabilities, who are unable to drive on their own, can also benefit from driverless cars as a mobility option. Indian roads may still take time before autonomous cars become commonplace, but self-driving tractors and trucks have provided a start for autonomous vehicles. Flux Auto, Escorts, and Mahindra & Mahindra are among the companies ready to introduce them soon.

The Cost of Self-Driving Cars Will Be the Biggest Barrier to Their Adoption.

Nearly 40,000 Americans are killed in road accidents each year. Consequently, society suffers financially and emotionally as a result. Highly automated vehicles (HAVs), which drive themselves for part of the time or all the time, are expected to aid in addressing traffic congestion. By shifting the responsibility for driving from humans to machines, this technology minimizes opportunities for human errors that cause most accidents.

A comparison of HAVs with older (less safe) vehicles shows that those with HAVs have more costly sensors, radars, and communication devices. This poses the question of whether life-saving technology can be afforded by the most vulnerable. Road crashes affect all segments of society, but the poor are most at risk. Many older vehicles are less safe and have lower crash test ratings, which puts these individuals at greater risk of death on the roads.

HAVs are not available for purchase outright, so some believe that they might be rented out. As with modern day taxis, this setup makes mobility services more affordable by spreading operating costs among many customers. According to proponents of self-driving technology, “robotaxis” operated by for-profit businesses would save consumers considerable money.

Customer perspective on driverless cars 

Are consumers ready for autonomous cars? According to a new survey, the answer is a resounding yes.

A survey commissioned by ANSYS, an engineering simulation company that develops simulations for a range of industries including aerospace, wearable technology, and self-driving cars, was conducted. A survey of 22,041 adults ages 18+ in country targets for autonomous vehicles was conducted by Atomik Research, an independent market research firm, on behalf of ANSYS. 

At least according to popular imagination, we’ve already arrived. One of the survey’s findings was that 71 percent of respondents believe autonomous cars will surpass human ability within 10 years, with 77 percent saying they would feel comfortable riding in an autonomous car at some point in their lives.

It may seem a foregone conclusion that self-driving cars are on the way, but we’ve heard less about autonomous aircraft. Following the recent crashes related to failures in autonomous systems onboard Boeing’s 737 MAX, you might expect consumer confidence to have eroded significantly. However, an ANSYS study found that wasn’t the case. 

Conclusion 

Automated systems will play a crucial role in reducing accidents and congestion in the future. Future vehicles can find the best route and warn one another about impending conditions. Indian roads are not conducive to self-driving cars. There is always a lot of vehicular traffic on roads in cities like Delhi and Mumbai, no matter what time of day it is. In addition, traffic rules are not followed in India. In their disregard for traffic signals, they drive in the wrong lane.

70 percent of consumers say they are ready to fly in autonomous aircraft in their lifetime.

References :

  1. https://www.zdnet.com/article/this-is-what-consumers-around-the-world-think-about-autonomous-vehicles/
  1. https://hbr.org/2019/01/the-cost-of-self-driving-cars-will-be-the-biggest-barrier-to-their-adoption
  1. https://medium.com/@UdacityINDIA/scope-of-self-driving-cars-in-india-5dff321436b#:~:text=The%20scope%20of%20Self%2DDriving%20cars%20in%20India%3A&text=Indian%20roads%20are%20a%20bit,is%20the%20most%20in%20India.&text=Indian%20roads%20are%20infamous%20for,traffic%20leading%20highly%20congested%20roads

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